To make it easier to track down performance problems GitLab comes with a set of profiling tools, some of these are available by default while others need to be explicitly enabled.
Profiling a URL
There is a
Gitlab::Profiler.profile method, and corresponding
bin/profile-url script, that enable profiling a GET or POST request to a
specific URL, either as an anonymous user (the default) or as a specific user.
NOTE: Note: The first argument to the profiler is either a full URL (including the instance hostname) or an absolute path, including the leading slash.
When using the script, command-line documentation is available by passing no arguments.
When using the method in an interactive console session, any changes to the application code within that console session will be reflected in the profiler output.
Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/my-user') # Returns a RubyProf::Profile for the regular operation of this request class UsersController; def show; sleep 100; end; end Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/my-user') # Returns a RubyProf::Profile where 100 seconds is spent in UsersController#show
For routes that require authorization you will need to provide a user to
Gitlab::Profiler. You can do this like so:
Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/gitlab-org/gitlab-test', user: User.first)
logger: keyword argument to
Gitlab::Profiler.profile will send
ActiveRecord and ActionController log output to that logger. Further options are
documented with the method source.
Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/gitlab-org/gitlab-test', user: User.first, logger: Logger.new(STDOUT))
There is also a RubyProf printer available:
Gitlab::Profiler::TotalTimeFlatPrinter. This acts like
RubyProf::FlatPrinter, but its
min_percent option works on the method's
total time, not its self time. (This is because we often spend most of our time
in library code, but this comes from calls in our application.) It also offers a
max_percent option to help filter out outer calls that aren't useful (like
There is a convenience method for using this,
result = Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/my-user') Gitlab::Profiler.print_by_total_time(result, max_percent: 60, min_percent: 2) # Measure Mode: wall_time # Thread ID: 70005223698240 # Fiber ID: 70004894952580 # Total: 1.768912 # Sort by: total_time # # %self total self wait child calls name # 0.00 1.017 0.000 0.000 1.017 14 *ActionView::Helpers::RenderingHelper#render # 0.00 1.017 0.000 0.000 1.017 14 *ActionView::Renderer#render_partial # 0.00 1.017 0.000 0.000 1.017 14 *ActionView::PartialRenderer#render # 0.00 1.007 0.000 0.000 1.007 14 *ActionView::PartialRenderer#render_partial # 0.00 0.930 0.000 0.000 0.930 14 Hamlit::TemplateHandler#call # 0.00 0.928 0.000 0.000 0.928 14 Temple::Engine#call # 0.02 0.865 0.000 0.000 0.864 638 *Enumerable#inject
To print the profile in HTML format, use the following example:
result = Gitlab::Profiler.profile('/my-user') printer = RubyProf::CallStackPrinter.new(result) printer.print(File.open('/tmp/profile.html', 'w'))
GitLab-Profiler is a project that builds on this to add some additional niceties, such as allowing configuration with a single Yaml file for multiple URLs, and uploading of the profile and log output to S3.
For GitLab.com, you can find the latest results here (restricted to GitLab Team members only):
Sherlock is a custom profiling tool built into GitLab. Sherlock is only
available when running GitLab in development mode and when setting the
ENABLE_SHERLOCK to a non empty value. For example:
ENABLE_SHERLOCK=1 bundle exec rails s
Recorded transactions can be found by navigating to
Bullet is a Gem that can be used to track down N+1 query problems. Because
Bullet adds quite a bit of logging noise it's disabled by default. To enable
Bullet, set the environment variable
ENABLE_BULLET to a non-empty value before
starting GitLab. For example:
ENABLE_BULLET=true bundle exec rails s
Bullet will log query problems to both the Rails log as well as the Chrome console.
As a follow up to finding
N+1 queries with Bullet, consider writing a QueryRecoder test to prevent a regression.
Settings that impact performance
developmentenvironment by default works with hot-reloading enabled, this makes Rails to check file changes every request, and create a potential contention lock, as hot reload is single threaded.
developmentenvironment can load code lazily once the request is fired which results in first request to always be slow.
To disable those features for profiling/benchmarking set the
RAILS_PROFILE environment variable to
true before starting GitLab. For example when using GDK:
- create a file
env.runitin the root GDK directory
export RAILS_PROFILE=trueto your
- restart GDK with
This environment variable is only applicable for the development mode.